Harding County today is a rock solid tiny economy based almost entirely on revenues from livestock production and carbon dioxide. Results of the 2010 census the population trend appears to be a continuation of a decline that started in the 1930s. The 2010 census revealed that 695 people live in Harding County. Mosquero, the county seat, had a population of 93, Roy; the metropolis to the north had a population of 234.
The county encompasses 2,138 square miles or 1,368,320 acres. 348,600 acres is State land, checker boarded throughout the county. Harding County is larger than either Delaware or Rhode Island but has less than one-half person per square mile. Only 26 of the nations' 3,142 counties have fewer people.
Ranching is the main industry, carbon dioxide production provides tax dollars and the schools and government - federal, state, county and local - supplies the bulk of the jobs. A handful of businesses are small and locally owned and operated.
Most visible to visitors who venture off the beaten path into Harding County are the county's two villages. Otherwise, its miles and miles of ranchland for the some 50,000 beef cattle raised here each year. The county is Canadian River Canyon country to the west, high-plains prairie on the east. In the northern part of the county lies the Kiowa National Grasslands which contains 70,500 acres.
Harding County is no "back woods" community, though. There is high-speed internet access, satellite TV, well-maintained highways, and cell phone towers.